Propagating guava trees from cuttings with Aloe vera can be an interesting and potentially effective method. Aloe vera contains natural compounds that are believed to stimulate root development and provide some protection against pathogens. Here are step-by-step tips for beginners looking to propagate guava trees using this method:

Materials Needed:

  1. Healthy guava cuttings (6-8 inches long with several nodes)
  2. Aloe vera gel or pulp (freshly extracted)
  3. Rooting hormone (optional)
  4. Clean and sharp knife or pruning shears
  5. Potting mix or well-draining soil
  6. Pots or containers
  7. Transparent plastic or plastic wrap
  8. Rubber bands or string
  9. Watering can or spray bottle

Procedure:

  1. Select Healthy Guava Cuttings:
    • Choose healthy guava branches for cuttings. Select branches that are free from diseases, pests, and damage. Each cutting should be around 6-8 inches long and have several nodes.
  2. Prepare Aloe Vera Gel:
    • Extract fresh aloe vera gel or pulp from an aloe vera leaf. Aloe vera is believed to have natural rooting hormones and antimicrobial properties that can benefit the cuttings.
  3. Prepare Guava Cuttings:
    • Use a clean and sharp knife or pruning shears to cut the guava branches just below a node. Remove any leaves from the lower part of the cutting.
  4. Apply Aloe Vera Gel:
    • Dip the cut end of each guava cutting into the freshly extracted aloe vera gel. Ensure that the cut end is well-coated with a thin layer of aloe vera.
  5. Optional: Use Rooting Hormone:
    • If you have rooting hormone available, you can dip the cut end of the guava cuttings into the rooting hormone, following the product’s instructions.
  6. Prepare Pots and Soil:
    • Fill pots or containers with a well-draining potting mix or soil. Make a hole in the soil using a stick or your finger to insert the guava cutting.
  7. Plant Guava Cuttings:
    • Insert the guava cuttings into the prepared holes in the soil. Gently firm the soil around the cuttings to provide support.
  8. Create a Greenhouse Effect:
    • Cover each pot with transparent plastic or plastic wrap to create a greenhouse effect. This helps maintain humidity around the cuttings and encourages root development.
  9. Secure with Rubber Bands or String:
    • Secure the plastic covering around the pot with rubber bands or string to keep it in place.
  10. Place in Indirect Light:
    • Position the pots in a location with bright, indirect sunlight. Avoid direct sunlight to prevent excessive heat buildup inside the plastic covering.
  11. Maintain Moisture:
    • Keep the soil consistently moist but not waterlogged. Water the cuttings when the top inch of the soil feels dry.
  12. Monitor for Rooting:
    • Monitor the cuttings for signs of rooting. This may take several weeks. Once roots are well-established, you can transplant the guava plants into larger pots or into the garden.

Remember that not all cuttings will root successfully, so it’s a good idea to propagate multiple cuttings to increase your chances of success. This method combines the potential benefits of aloe vera with the use of guava cuttings, offering a natural and interesting approach for beginners.