Growing garlic in water for rooting is a simple and quick method to encourage the development of roots before transplanting it into soil. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to grow garlic in water:

Materials Needed:

  1. Garlic bulbs (with individual cloves)
  2. Small containers or glasses
  3. Water
  4. Toothpicks or skewers
  5. Sunlight or a bright, indirect light source

Procedure:

1. Select Garlic Bulbs:

  • Choose fresh and healthy garlic bulbs. Separate the cloves from the bulb without peeling them.

2. Prepare Containers:

  • Fill small containers or glasses with enough water to submerge the bottom part of the garlic cloves. Make sure the containers have enough depth for the garlic to stand in water without touching the bottom.

3. Position Garlic Cloves:

  • Place the garlic cloves in the containers with the pointed end facing upward. The flat, basal end should be submerged in water.

4. Use Toothpicks or Skewers:

  • Insert toothpicks or skewers into the sides of each garlic clove. Rest the toothpicks or skewers on the rim of the container to support the cloves, ensuring they remain partially submerged.

5. Place in a Well-Lit Area:

  • Position the containers in a well-lit area with indirect sunlight. A sunny windowsill is an excellent location. Avoid placing the garlic in direct sunlight, as it may encourage algae growth in the water.

6. Change Water Regularly:

  • Change the water every few days to keep it clean and oxygenated. Fresh water provides essential nutrients and encourages healthy root development.

7. Monitor Root Growth:

  • Over the next few days, you should observe root growth emerging from the basal plate of the garlic cloves. The roots will continue to elongate as the garlic prepares for planting.

8. Transplant to Soil:

  • Once the roots are a few inches long, and the shoots (green sprouts) have started to grow from the top of the cloves, the garlic is ready for transplanting into soil. Choose a well-draining soil mix.

9. Plant in Soil:

  • Plant each rooted garlic clove in the soil, with the roots pointing downward and the shoots facing upward. Plant them at a depth of about 1-2 inches.

10. Water and Care:

  • Water the newly planted garlic cloves in soil and provide them with regular care. Ensure they receive adequate sunlight for healthy growth.

11. Patience:

  • Garlic will take some time to mature, and the bulb development occurs underground. Be patient and allow the garlic plants to go through their growth stages.

Growing garlic in water for rooting is a quick and efficient method to initiate the growth process before transplanting into soil. This method allows you to observe the development of roots and shoots, ensuring a successful transition to soil and eventual garlic bulb production.